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What’s The Purpose Of Using Orthotics? In simplest definition, orthotics is a customized foot support that are available in form of splints, inserts or shoe insoles. Also, they are used to be able to restore natural foot function. And with regards to children, they may be used as a way to treat biomechanical foot issues. Biomechanics is the study of our body’s movement when walking, playing sport or running. And two of the very common biomechanical foot issues are over or under pronation. On the other hand, pronation is the typical movement of foot that is absorbing the impact when you are walking or running. Over pronation however is when the foot rolls or moves inward more than the normal 15 percent and could cause problems with your foot and ankle stabilizing body and inefficiently absorbing shock. But in under pronation, this is when the inward movement is less than normal 15 percent and with that, the force of the impact is more on the outer side of foot. In an effort to promote joint and muscle stability for those who were born with low muscle tone or those who are born prematurely, orthotics may be used as part of a treatment plan. You can have your orthotics either custom-made or ready-made. Being able to choose the right orthotics for children depend on the foot issue or underlying muscle that the child is suffering from.
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Children normally have flat feet as for those who are under the age of 7 but it will outgrow naturally. According to experts, it isn’t in the children’s best interest to alter the foot alignment if they’re younger than 7 and if they simply have a minor biomechanical disorder. If the child is older than 7 years for example, the physician can use them in order to correct misalignments that are from over or under pronation. To have the gait and feet of your child assessed, you can consider bringing them to a podiatrist and they are going to recommend you the best orthotics that should be used.
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There are some instances wherein orthotics should be used for children who are as young as 2 years old. A few situations where this will be useful include children with motor disorders such as developmental disabilities, cerebral palsy, issues with muscle tone and so forth. It is highly recommended to use customized orthotics to allow children make the most of it. The podiatrist will do a biomechanical assessment of their feet and gait and the gathered info will help them make custom orthotics that’ll help the child with their special needs. By using such, it will help a lot in proper alignment of the child’s legs and feet during their development and growth.